Cyclovirobuxine D Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Induces Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis in Human Gastric Cancer Cells

Jie Wu, Zhujun Tan, Jian Chen, Cheng Dong
2015 Molecules  
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant cancers, with high death rates, poor prognosis and limited treatment methods. Cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D) is the main active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Buxus microphylla. In the present study, we test the effects of CVB-D on gastric cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms of action. CVB-D reduced cell viability and colony formation ability of MGC-803 and MKN28 cells in a time-and concentration-dependent manner. Flow
more » ... nner. Flow cytometry showed that cell cycle of CVB-D treated cells was arrested at the S-phase. CVB-D also induced apoptosis in MGC-803 and MKN28 cells, especially early stage apoptosis. Furthermore, mitochondria membrane potential (∆ψm) was reduced and apoptosis-related proteins, cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax/Bcl-2, were up-regulated in CVB-D-treated MGC-803 and MKN28 cells. Taken together, our studies found that CVB-D plays important roles in inhibition of gastric tumorigenesis via arresting cell cycle and inducing mitochondria-mediated apoptosis, suggesting the potential application of CVB-D in gastric cancer therapy.
doi:10.3390/molecules201119729 pmid:26610442 fatcat:s4b7syn5sfazjefub5estaihwy