Twenty-seven year surveillance of blood transfusion recipients infected with HIV-1 in Hebei Province, China

Suliang Chen, Xinli Lu, Guangyi Bai, Yuqi Zhang, Baojun Li, Wei Wang, Liang Liang, Lin Ma, Yan Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Yingying Wang, Cuiying Zhao (+2 others)
2018 PLoS ONE  
We conducted an investigation of blood management in which blood transfusion recipients underwent molecular biological analysis, to trace the possible source of HIV infection. Epidemiological investigation was carried out among HIV-infected individuals. Blood transfusion recipients infected with HIV were tracked for the date of transfusion, reason for transfusion, hospital where transfusion was received, source of blood, components of transfusion, number of transfusions, and transfusion volume.
more » ... transfusion volume. A total of 285 blood transfusion recipients infected with HIV-1 were detected in Hebei over the study period, with 42.81% (122/285) detected through clinical diagnostic testing. These cases showed a concentrated distribution in southern Hebei, with local outbreak characteristics. A census of the population in Shahe County, which had a high concentration of cases, revealed that recipients of blood transfusions had an HIV infection rate of 15.54% (92/592). Post-transfusion infection frequently occurred among blood transfusion recipients at township medical institutions, with a peak in 1995. Owing to late detection of HIV infection among blood transfusion recipients, the rates of spousal transmission and mother-to-child transmission reached 20.87% and 28.05%, respectively. Around 1995, community medical institutions did not screen for HIV antibodies among paid blood donors, which was an important cause of the outbreak of HIV-1 infection among blood transfusion recipients. Our findings indicate that cases of blood transfusion-related infection decreased rapidly with gradual improvement in the HIV screening system for blood donors that began in 1995, particularly after full implementation of HIV nucleic acid testing of volunteer blood donors was begun in 2015.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0202265 pmid:30110373 fatcat:awa3437bfje4bagvyxi2oja3bu