Biases in Shortwave Column Absorption in the Presence of Fractal Clouds

Alexander Marshak, Anthony Davis, Warren Wiscombe, William Ridgway, Robert Cahalan
1998 Journal of Climate  
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 0.9 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1 Clear Sky Transmittance θ θ o =60 o from TOA to surface from TOA to 0.5 km from TOA to 5 km from TOA to 1 km Transmittance wavelength ( µ µm) 0<J min 2 J 2 J max < +J,exp 1&2p 1&2 &H <4 Session Papers 109 Figure 1 . Water vapor transmission spectra for solar zenith angle 2 = 60°. From the top: from TOA to 5 km, 0 from TOA to 1 km, from TOA to 0.5 km and, finally, from TOA to surface.
doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0431:biscai>2.0.co;2 fatcat:mdo7vvkkrrgvje6rqmgsxvyumm