A Case of Broncholithiasis Caused by Aspergillus with Broncho-Obstructive Pneumonia and Massive Hemoptysis

Chang-Kyu Choi, Jin-Kyung Ryu, Jin-Soo Bae, Tae-Jun Hwang, So-Ya Paik, Do-Hoon Kim, Jeong-Hee Choi
2005 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases  
A broncholith is a calcified mediastinal lymph node, which partially or completely erodes into the bronchial lumen, and is related to the late tissue response to healing of granulomatous pulmonary infections, most commonly histoplasmosis or tuberculosis. However, there have been a few reports on broncholithiasis caused by Aspergillus. We experienced a case of broncholithiasis caused by Aspergillus, with broncho-obstructive pneumonia and massive hemoptysis. A 39 year-old woman was admitted to
more » ... was admitted to our hospital with right middle lobar pneumonia. On the fourth day following admission, massive hemoptysis developed, so an emergent bronchial artery embolization was performed. On the ninth day following admission, a broncholith on the lateral segmental bronchus of the right middle lobe was found by bronchoscopy, which was proved to be Aspergillus hypae with calcification on histological examination. After the simple bronchoscopic removal of the broncholith and empirical antibiotic therapy, the patient recovered without any complications. (Tuberc Respir Dis 2005; 59: 104-108)
doi:10.4046/trd.2005.59.1.104 fatcat:eblvxoyo3vh6zhlsw4iljtpdf4