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Wishful thinking is constrained by reality; people cannot believe the utterly implausible simply because they want to. Here, we uncover an exception to this basic principle of motivated cognition. We show that one goal in particular---the goal to advocate---systematically biases judgments in spite of strong countervailing evidence. This is more than a harmless delusion. Advocacy goals lead to greater endorsement of far-fetched 'crackpot' theories (Study 5), and impede performance indoi:10.31234/osf.io/qnda3 fatcat:oqow6xqdejbedompxm4kzubvmu