Does Dynamic Anterior Plate Fixation Provide Adequate Stability for Traumatic Subaxial Cervical Spine Fractures at Mid-Term Follow-Up?

Siegmund Lang, Carsten Neumann, Lasse Fiedler, Volker Alt, Markus Loibl, Maximilian Kerschbaum
2021 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
It remains questionable if the treatment of cervical fractures with dynamic plates in trauma surgery provides adequate stability for unstable fractures with disco-ligamentous injuries. The primary goal of this study was to assess the radiological and mid-term patient-reported outcome of traumatic subaxial cervical fractures treated with different plate systems. Patients and Methods: Patients, treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) between 2001 and 2015, using either a
more » ... sing either a dynamic plate (DP: Mambo™, Ulrich, Germany) or a rigid locking plate (RP: CSLP™, Depuy Synthes, USA), were identified. For radiological evaluation, the sagittal alignment, the sagittal anterior translation and the bony consolidation were evaluated. After at least two years, the patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) were evaluated using the German Short-Form 36 (SF-36), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and the EuroQol in 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores. Results: 33 patients met the inclusion criteria (DP: 13; RP:20). Twenty-six patients suffered from AO Type B or C fractures. Both the sagittal alignment and the sagittal translation could be sufficiently improved in both groups (p ≥ 0.05). No significant loss of reduction could be observed at the follow-up in both groups (p ≥ 0.05). Bony consolidation could be observed in 30 patients (DP: 12/13 (92%); RP: 18/20 (90%); (p ≥ 0.05)). In 20 patients, PROMs could be evaluated (follow-up: 71.2 ± 25.5 months). The whole cohort showed satisfactory PROM results (EQ-5D: 72.0 ± 4.9; SF-36 PCS: 41.9 ± 16.2, MCS: 45.4 ± 14.9; NDI: 11.0 ± 9.1). without significant differences between the DP and RP group (p ≥ 0.05) Conclusion: The dynamic plate concept provides enough stability without a difference in fusion rates in comparison to rigid locking plates in a population that mostly suffered fragile fractures.
doi:10.3390/jcm10061185 pmid:33809041 fatcat:v7saxh6isfguvki4s544kyp6ui