Purification of Liquid Radioactive Waste from Surfactants and Organic Compounds

H. Ghanem, V. Gerlyga, V. Kravchenko, V. Makedon, A. Shulga
2019 Nuclear and Radiation Safety  
During the operation of a nuclear power plant, a significant amount of liquid radioactive waste (LRW) is formed and accumulated, its recycling has one of the first priorities. One of the sources of liquid radioactive waste is drain water, which consists of surface-active substances (SA) and organic compounds (OC) of various natures. With this waste composition, the operation of the evaporator is significantly complicated. Thus, recycling of LRW will be simplified after purification from SA and
more » ... cation from SA and OC. The paper discusses the theoretical aspects of oxidative-cavitation and electrohydrodischarge water purification from organic matter. A schematic circuit of experimental stands of combined cleaning methods was developed and presented. Studies were performed on model solutions of sodium lauryl sulfate (LS) (NaC12H25SO4) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (C10H16N2O8). LS is chosen because it is the most common SA, which is present in the composition of various detergent and decontamination mixtures. The use of EDTA is due to its application in technological processes at nuclear power plants and the presence of liquid radioactive waste in the composition. The destruction of the OS occurs as a result of ozone oxidation, which is constantly splashing through the solution, and amplifies under the action of electrical impulses or ultrasonic (US) cavitation. The work identifies the patterns of reducing concentrations of model solutions, depending on the method of processing, pH-environment and duration of the process. It was found that the destruction of SA and OC occurred better when ozone was combined with US cavitation or electrical discharge, at high pH. The highest performance purification of solutions is as follows: use of electro-discharge and ozone (рН = 6.2) leads to about 71 % collapses, (рН = 10) ~ 61 % OC collapses; use of US cavitation and ozone (рН = 10) ~ 83.3 % SA collapses.
doi:10.32918/nrs.2019.1(81).11 fatcat:ftcg5qmdwncidlbqudfgqteohi