Women in the Railroad Service

Pauline Goldmark
1919 Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science in the City of New York  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. WOMEN IN THE RAILROAD SERVICE PAULINE GOLDMARK Manager, Women's Service Section, U. S. Railroad Administration OMEN'S employment in the railroad service on a large scale is new. It has really been a war-time innovation due to the shortage of man power-especially in the shops and roundhouses. Last January the total number of women employed was 60,000. By July it had increased to 8I,000 with the following geographical distribution: 45,000 in the Eastern District, 8,ooo in the Southern and 27,000 in the Western District. By October I those numbers were probably increased to a total of approximately Ioo,ooo. Naturally the greatest number are in the clerical and semiclerical occupations. Of the 8I,000 employed July I, 61,000 were working as clerks of all kinds, stenographers, accountants, comptometer operators, etc. In this class appear women ticket sellers and bureau of information clerks who served the public for the first time; they were found well fitted for this type of work, and special instruction agencies were opened by the Government in various states to train them in the intricacies of tariffs and routes. The next largest group of 4,000 it is not suprising to learn, appears in woman's proverbial occupation of cleaning. Women have long been cleaning stations, offices, etc., but now they are employed in the yards to clean coaches and Pullmans, both inside and outside, and in the roundhouses doing the heavier work of wiping locomotives; 800 were so employed. In personal service, including work in dining rooms and kitchens, as matrons and janitresses, 2,000 were found. Women entered the greatest variety of new occupations. In the railroad shops 3,000 were employed, ranging from common laborers to skilled mechanics earning the machinists' or carmen's rate of pay. Owing to these increases and to the need of caring for the special interests of women, the Women's Service Section was created on August 29, under Mr. Carter, Director of the Divis- [I5I]
doi:10.2307/1172145 fatcat:kfcizbctjzdntmbo7dqgqb53c4