The Effect of Very Cohesive Ultra-Fine Particles in Mixtures on Compression, Consolidation, and Fluidization

Abbas Kamranian Marnani, Andreas Bück, Sergiy Antonyuk, Berend van Wachem, Dominique Thévenin, Jürgen Tomas
2019 Processes  
This paper focuses on the effect of ultra-fine ( d < 10 µm) powders in mixtures with fine ( d < 100 µm) bulk material on compression processes and also evaluates the re-fluidization behavior of the compressed bed (history effect). Achieving this goal, different mixtures of fine and ultra-fine Ground-Carbonate-Calcium were compressed at three pressure levels. The results show that by increasing the applied pressure, the compressibility decreases due to change in compaction regime. Subsequently,
more » ... ime. Subsequently, for the higher pressure, the slope of packing density versus applied stress curves is noticeably different. However, this slope does not depend on the size distribution of mixtures, but on the type of material. Comparing fluidization and re-fluidization curves (bed pressure drop vs. gas velocity) shows an increase in the maximum bed pressure drop ( Δ P p e a k ) for re-fluidization. By increasing the portion of ultra-fine particles in the binary mixture, Δ P p e a k increases in a non-linear manner. Furthermore, the incipient fluidization point moves to a higher gas velocity. After compression, the peak of the bed pressure drop in the re-fluidization test happens at a lower gas velocity than in the initial fluidization test. Thus, the slope of the loading curve is much larger for re-fluidization. The opposite is observed for the unloading curves.
doi:10.3390/pr7070439 fatcat:h2byr4skrrfi5ftai73hc5a42e