A REVIEW ON COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SACUBITRIL-VALSARTAN COMBINATION WITH ACE/ARB THERAPY IN CARDIAC PATIENTS

Bhagya Suresh, Mathew George, Lincy Joseph
2019 International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Science Archive  
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing and the developed world, and represents a major barrier to sustainable human development. Ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cardiomyopathy and heart failure (HF), and hypertension among others represent major forms of CV disease. Heart failure (HF) is among the key contributors to the CV-related health care burden, a uninterrupted concern despite the utilization of clinically tried
more » ... lly tried guideline-directed therapies. The most common cause for HF is reduced left cavum heart muscle perform. ARBs produce equivalent mortality benefits with fewer adverse effects than ACE inhibitors. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACEI) reduces the combined risk of death or hospitalization, slow progression of HF, and reduced rate of reinfarction. Sacubitril/valsartan could be a first-in-class twin action molecule of the neprilysin (NEP) substance sacubitril (AHU-377) and therefore the angiotensin II (Ang II) sort one (AT1) receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan. The beneficial antihypertensive and HF effects of sacubitril/valsartan are mediated through the inhibition of NEP in catabolizing the natriuretic peptides (NPs) and the blockade of Ang II, AT1 receptor with valsartan. These actions of sacubitril/ valsartan end in general dilation and inflated symptoms and symptoms, resulting in decrease in peripheral tube resistance and plasma volume contraction, all necessary actions for the lowering of BP and improving HF symptoms. Keywords: cardiovascular disease, left ventricular ejection fraction, angiotensin II receptor blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme, sacubitril/valsartan.
doi:10.32553/ijpba.v7i2.120 fatcat:ufcxhktkcnfllfxflzftxmqikq