Application of Markov chain on daily rainfall data in Paraíba-Brazil from 1995-2015

Jader Da Silva Jale, Sílvio Fernando Alves Xavier Júnior, Érika Fialho Morais Xavier, Tatijana Stošić, Borko Stošić, Tiago Alessandro Espínola Ferreira
2019 Acta Scientiarum: Technology  
This study analyzed the behavior of daily rainfall in the State of Paraíba using the data from five meteorological stations distributed across the mesoregions of this state. We used the three-state Markov Chain model, in which states are defined as dry, wet and rainy. We calculated transition probabilities among states, probabilities of equilibrium of states, and expected lengths of the defined states for all stations and seasons to investigate spatial/seasonal variability. Results showed that
more » ... esults showed that for the entire region and for all seasons, the probability of dry days is greater than the probability of rainy days; expected values of rainy spells are low, indicating that the rainfall regime in Paraíba is characterized by high rainfall intensity distributed over short rainy periods. The dry-dry transition probability presents the highest values for all seasons and stations, as well as the corresponding expected dry spell length, indicating that this region is subjected to prolonged dry periods. The transition probabilities that lead to dry condition are higher in the interior of the State, while probabilities that lead to rainy condition are higher in the coastal region as well as the probability of rainy days, which is greater in fall, during the rainy season.
doi:10.4025/actascitechnol.v41i1.37186 fatcat:2y2cnwt4vjcixppwldvwt2ox7q