Effects of Microstructure, Mechanical and Physical Properties on Machinability of Graphite Cast Irons

Jiangzhuo Ren, Fengzhang Ren, Fengjun Li, Linkai Cui, Yi Xiong, Alex A. Volinsky
2020 Metals  
Flake (FGI) and spheroidal (SGI) graphite cast irons are often used to produce workpieces, which often need to be machined. Machinability differences under various machining methods are the basis for choosing machining equipment and technology. In this work, FGI and SGI were used to produce tractor front brackets, and the machinability of both materials under turning and drilling processes was compared. The machinability (turning and drilling ability) has been evaluated in terms of machining
more » ... rms of machining load, chips shape, surface roughness, and tool temperature. The influence of materials microstructure and thermal conductivity on the machinability was analyzed. In the turning process, the cutting force and its standard deviation of the FGI were larger than the SGI due to the higher volume fraction of pearlite. The surface roughness was similar in both materials. In the drilling process, the even action of the friction and cutting force on the bit turned into similar drilling loads for both materials. Higher friction and lower thermal conductivity caused a higher bit temperature in SGI drilling compared to FGI. The chip breaking was worse in SGI drilling, where the longer chips scratched the internal surface of the holes, resulting in the higher surface roughness.
doi:10.3390/met10020285 fatcat:4jyvcexvqnbn5fpsnfow4v6rru