Therapeutic Effect of Hyaluronic Acid on Experimental Osteoarthrosis of Ovine Temporomandibular Joint

Chang-Hwan KIM, Beom-Jun LEE, Junghee YOON, Kang-Moon SEO, Jong-Hwan PARK, Jin-Won LEE, Eun-Sil CHOI, Jung-Ju HONG, Yong-Soon LEE, Jae-Hak PARK
2001 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science  
A symptomatic relief by hyaluronic acid (HA, MW: 3.5 × 10 6 ), which is synthesized by Streptococcus spp, was investigated in experimental ovine osteoarthrosis. Bilateral osteoarthrosis (OA) of the temporo-mandibular joints (TMJs) was induced by perforating discs and by scrapping subchondral condylar surface. HA was intra-articularly injected into the left joints of 6 sheep on 7, 10, 14, 17 and 21 days after the operation and physiological saline as the control was injected into the
more » ... nto the contralateral (right) joints on the same day. Three sheep were killed at 1 month post-operation (MPO) and the remaining three sheep were killed at 3 MPO. Various responses such as proliferation of fibrous tissue, denudation, erosion, osteophyte formation, subcortical cyst formation and ankylosis were observed radiographically and histopathologically. The treatment of HA ameliorated the degenerative changes and lowered the osteoarthrotic score in the left joints at 1 MPO (9.96 vs 5.81) and 3 MPO (10.86 vs 5.29) compared to the right joints. These results indicate that a repeated intra-articular injection of HA inhibits the progression of OA in ovine TMJs by inducing the development of articular cartilage and by reducing the proliferation of fibrotic tissue.
doi:10.1292/jvms.63.1083 pmid:11714023 fatcat:tln4vshev5hajpulmf3uxvb25a