Consumption of energy drinks and assessment of blood pressure values among young adults

2019 Family Medicine & Primary Care Review  
Background. The consumption of energy drinks is increasing, and there are more and more diseases caused by their abuse. Objectives. The aim of the study is to check the relationship between the characteristics of consumption of energy drinks by young adults and the occurrence of high blood pressure in the study group. Material and methods. The diagnostic survey method, estimation method and measurement were used in the research's implementation. The author's questionnaire was used as a tool. as
more » ... used as a tool. as part of the measurements, three measurements of blood pressure in basic conditions were made. a total of 309 students from two high school schools in Rzeszow took part in the study. Results. systolic hypertension amounted to 14.9% and diastolic 18.8% of the students. after consumption of energy drinks, it reached 45.3% of the students surveyed. People who drank energy drinks more often had higher systolic (56.5%) and diastolic hypertension (44.8%) values than in those who did not drink then (p < 0.001). Respondents who drank 3-4 cans (17.4%) and those who drank 5 or more energy drinks (10.9%) most often had systolic hypertension (p < 0.001, Kendall's tau = 0.39). There is a dependence between the level of intensiveness of consumption of energy drinks and the values of arterial blood pressure (p < 0.05). Conclusions. energy drinks were consumed by almost half of the students tested. The study of the relationship between the characteristics of energy drink consumption and the distribution of the blood pressure values of the studied group shows that the frequency, number and period of consumption of energy drinks have a significant impact on the distribution of blood pressure. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons attribution-NonCommercial-sharealike 4.0 international (CC BY-NC-sa 4.0). license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/). martyn J, Chmiel Z. Consumption of energy drinks and assessment of blood pressure values among young adults. Fam Med Prim Care Rev 2019; 21(4): 335-342, doi: https://doi.
doi:10.5114/fmpcr.2019.90162 fatcat:em6sfaqxjjcqrmbm2dd2mg4yra