Pengaruh Implementasi Program "Temanku Sahabatku" dalam Meningkatkan Perilaku Prososial Anak Pra Sekolah

Evi Sri Restuwati, Amitya Kumara
2014 HUMANITAS  
Prosocial behavior made unique contributions to the prediction of educational achievement, sociability in the early years. Prosocial behavior was defined as acting that is either beneficial to or intended to benefit other people. Prosocial behavior could be expressed as helping, supporting, physical affection, or sharing. The "Temanku Sahabatku" program was adopted from a large themes from the book of The Anti-Bullying and Teasing Program for Preschool by Sprung, et al (2005) , friendship
more » ... , friendship theme. The "Temanku Sahabatku" program was the program which was designed as an effort to avoid bullying at school by improved children prosocial behavior. Teachers and students of two preschools in Sleman was going to involve in this study. This study was going to use quasiexperiment design, the untreated control group design with pre-test and post-test. Teachers were asked to implement the program which was trained before into first year preschoolers classroom in experiment group. The result of this study was the implementation of "Temanku Sahabatku" program was effective to improve the prosocial behavior of preschool children in experiment group rather than control group (F=26,506; MD= -2,200; p<0,05). ABSTRAK Perilaku prososial diketahui memiliki kontribusi terhadap prediksi prestasi akademik dan kemampuan sosial di awal masa anak-anak. Perilaku prososial merupakan tindakan sukarela dengan niat untuk membantu orang lain yang dapat diekspresikan dalam bentuk perilaku membantu, mendukung, kasih sayang fisik, ataupun berbagi. Program "Temanku Sahabatku" merupakan adaptasi sebuah tema besar dari buku The Anti Bullying and Teasing Program for Preschool karya Sprung, dkk (2005), yaitu tema Persahabatan. Program "Temanku Sahabatku" merupakan program yang dirancang sebagai upaya pencegahan terhadap perilaku bullying dengan meningkatkan perilaku prososial anak. Guru dan siswa di dua Taman Kanak-kanak di Sleman, Yogyakarta akan dilibatkan dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian ini akan menggunakan desain eksperimen kuasi untreated control group design with pre-test and post-test. Guru diminta untuk mengimplementasikan program yang telah dilatihkan sebelumnya ke dalam proses belajar mengajar di kelas sebagai perlakuan pada siswa tahun pertama di TK kelompok eksperimen. Hasil penelitian ini adalah perilaku prososial anak prasekolah pada kelompok eksperimen yang diberikan perlakuan implementasi program
doi:10.26555/humanitas.v11i1.2324 fatcat:cjddn47lpng5nomtzjw4q4thse