Modular multilevel converter with DHB energy-balancing channels for medium-voltage adjustable-speed drives

Mohamed S. Diab, Derrick Holliday, Ahmed M. Massoud, Shehab Ahmed, Barry W. Williams
2019 The Journal of Engineering  
This paper presents a modular multilevel converter (MMC) configuration that utilises energy exchange between submodules (SMs) of upper and lower arms, for energy rebalancing. The configuration is applicable to mediumvoltage high-power variable-speed drives with any number of motor phases, where the traditional MMC topology experiences challenging shortcomings. With the out-of-phase alternation of the fundamental ripple power in upper and lower arms, the proposed MMC configuration decouples this
more » ... tion decouples this ripple power by employing dual half-bridge modules linking opposite SMs in upper and lower arms of the same MMC-leg. This counter-balances arm ripple-power through bidirectional power transfer between opposite SMs, resulting in a reduction in the SM capacitance and the MMC system stored energy. The proposed MMC configuration solves the problem of wide SM capacitor voltage fluctuation, especially at low operating frequencies, where the SM capacitor voltage ripple profile is almost constant, independent of the operating frequency. Therefore, the configuration is able to drive multi-megawatt machines from stand-still to the rated speed, at rated torque. The operation of the proposed converter topology is elucidated in detail, and its effectiveness is verified through simulation and experimentation.
doi:10.1049/joe.2018.8082 fatcat:gktatjvuwvg7xjsmoktmhaaub4