RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS(RFLPs) OF THE SMALL-SUBUNIT RIBOSOMAL DNA AS A TOOL FOR IDENTIFICATION OF TILAPIA SPP
Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries
I n Egypt, four species of Tilapia have been described based on morphometric, meristic and cytotaxonomical characteristics. These species are Tilapia zillii, Oreochromis niloticus, Oreochromis aureus and Sarotherodon galilaeus. The accurate identification of these fishes is complicated by the high variation in these characters, similarity among species and in some cases by the size of the fish. In this paper, we examined the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length
... ion fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) analysis of the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (srDNA) for molecular identification of Tilapia spp. in Egypt. The present study aims to evaluate such advanced molecular biological approach for identification of Tilapia spp. Genomic DNA was extracted from the four species of Tilapia. About 2000 bp 18S ribosomal DNA was amplified by PCR using specific primers. The technique of restriction fragment length polymorphisms was used to identify the specific 18S rDNA for each species. O. niloticus rDNA 'RFLPs species-specific pattern is proved by digestion with restriction endonucleases AIwNI and Aval, On the other hand, digestion of amplified 18S rDNA with endonuclease enzymes Smal, Xmal and Sstll produced speciesspecific patterns for T. zillii, O. aureus and S. galilaeus respectively. This indicates the efficiencies of these restriction endonuclease enzymes in species-specific identification of Tilapia spp. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the nuclear srDNA (RFLPs\PCR) proved to be a good tool for checking the relationships among species and their subspecies, even more than the morphological analysis. 466 Sabry S. Ei-Serafr et ai.