Legislation of 1913 Affecting Nominations and Elections

Victor J. West
1914 American Political Science Review  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. LEGISLATIVE NOTES AND REVIEWS 437 Legislation of 1913 Affecting Nominations and Elections: The most interesting and doubtless the most significant developments in election laws revealed by the legislation of the various States in 1913 indicate a general strengthening of the direct primary for party nominations, the growth of the non-partisan primary and election for judges and municipal officers, the gradual adoption of the short ballot principle, and the extension of "'corrupt practices prevention" measures. The most noteworthy of the proposals during the year are registration by affidavit, voting by mail, a double election in recall proceedings, and provision for new parties in the primaries. Following is a somewhat detailed review of the legislation for the year affecting nominations and elections.' Equal Suffrage. Of fundamental importance is the extension of the franchise to include women in many of the States. A constitutional amendment for equal suffrage which passed the Nevada legislature in 1911 was passed again in 19132 and will be submitted to the voters of that State in November, 1914. At the same time similar amendments passed in 1913 will be voted upon in South Dakota' and Montana.4 Resolutions proposing such amendments, passed by the legislatures of New York,5 Pennsylvania6 and Iowa,7 must be passed at the sessions of 1915 before being submitted to the electors. North Dakota's act8 admitting women to the electorate is subject to referendum in 1914. The courts have not yet passed upon the Illinois law9 conferring on women the right to vote for a number of offices created by statute and upon all questions submitted to voters on referendum. Women are not entitled to vote for most state and county officers under this enactment. North Dakota"0 also introduces a constitutional amendment reducing the residence requirements for the exercise of the suffrage from six months to three months in the county and from ninety days to sixty days in the precinct. This amendment must pass again in the session of 1915, and be submitted to the voters in 1916. Registration of Voters. Indiana" adopts a compulsory registration law, in which is included provision for registration by affidavit of voters 1 The legislatures of Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Vermont and Virginia were not in session in 1913.
doi:10.2307/1946176 fatcat:v3mwjm2a4raz5mtsbgjjmlnf4e