Características del cuidador principal y su relación con la percepción de satisfacción de necesidades básicas del paciente terminal

Gloria Araneda Pagliotti, Andrea Aparicio Escobar, Pamela Escobar Gatica, Gabriela Huaiquivil Olate, Karim Méndez Astudillo
2006 Cultura de los Cuidados Revista de Enfermería y Humanidades  
D escriptive, trans-sectional, correlated study of the main caretaker (MC) for ill terminal patients, included in the Programme for Pain Allaying , Palliative Care Chillán. The study implied 170 patients, with a sample of 50 individuals. The aim was to determine the existing relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and health characteristics in MC, and the perception of satisfaction in basic needs of patient. A questionnaire prepared by the authors was applied between January and
more » ... etween January and May 2004. Data processing were gathered according to Programme EpiInfo 6,0 and checked with Programme Infostast. Statistical tests of square Chi and Fisher Test were applied. The results were as followis: 62 % of the MC were around 41 years and older; 86 % of the MC were women; 52 % were single or with no steady-boyfriend or commonlaw-husband; 82 % were patient's relatives; 66 % of MC have financial income less to Pesos 100.000; 94 % were aware of their patient's prognosis; 80 % dedicated all their time to their patient's care; 78 % of the patients were dependant. It was observed that the social and demographic variables and those of health when related to perception of satisfaction of basic needs had no statistical significance in this study. Key words: Main caretaker, terminal ill patient, basic needs RESUMEN E studio descriptivo, transeccional, correlacional, de Cuidadores Principales (CP) de pacientes terminales, adscritos al Programa Alivio del Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos Chillán. El universo correspondió a 170 enfermos, con una muestra de 50 . El propósito fue determinar la relación que existe entre características sociodemográficas y de salud del C. P. y la percepción de satisfacción de necesidades básicas del paciente. Se aplicó un cuestionario elaborado por autoras entre Enero a Mayo del 2004. Los datos fueron procesados en programa EpiInfo 6.0 y corroborados con programa Infostast , aplicándoles pruebas estadísticas de Chi cuadrado y Test de Fisher. Los resultados fueron los siguientes : 62 % se encuentra entre 41 años y más, 86 % de los CP eran
doi:10.14198/cuid.2006.19.11 fatcat:e4cgsbng65hcpcdni4gbsafuu4