Authentication and Traceability Study on Barbera d'Asti and Nizza DOCG Wines: The Role of Trace- and Ultra-Trace Elements

Maurizio Aceto, Federica Gulino, Elisa Calà, Elisa Robotti, Maurizio Petrozziello, Christos Tsolakis, Claudio Cassino
2020 Beverages  
Barbera d'Asti—including Barbera d'Asti superiore—and Nizza are two DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) wines produced in Piemonte (Italy) from the Barbera grape variety. Differences among them arise in the production specifications in terms of purity, ageing, and zone of production, in particular with concern to Nizza, which follows the most stringent rules, sells at three times the average price, and is considered to have the highest market value. To guarantee producers
more » ... rantee producers and consumers, authentication methods must be developed in order to distinguish among the different wines. As the production zones totally overlap, it is important to verify whether the distinction is possible or not according to metals content, or whether chemical markers more linked to winemaking are needed. In this work, Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) elemental analysis and multivariate data analysis are used to study the authentication and traceability of samples from the three designations of 2015 vintage. The results show that, as far as elemental distribution in wine is concerned, work in the cellar, rather than geographic provenance, is crucial for the possibility of distinction.
doi:10.3390/beverages6040063 fatcat:r6bbnqdkcbbd3i6vq6pw2xbrii