Patterns of differentially expressed genes in synovial tissue from RA and OA patients and from normal joints
Arthritis Research & Therapy
We discuss the presence of anti-keratin antibodies (AKA) of the IgG class in patients with defined juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). An indirect immunofluorescence test and rat oesophagus substrate was used for the detection and quantification of AKA antibodies in patients´ sera. Overall 33/60 patients with JIA had sera positive for AKA (55 %, P = 0,0001) ranging from 1:10 to 1:160 dilutions. Following idiopathic arthritis of childhood classification criteria AKA occurred in 2/7 patients
... in 2/7 patients with systemic disease (28,6 %), in 13/30 patients with RF negative polyarthritis (43,3 %, P = 0,008) and in 15/18 RF positive polyarthritis (83,3 %, P = 0,000002). AKA were also found in a small cohort of patients with oligoarthritis (1/3) and psoriatic arthritis (2/2). AKA positivity occurred in 3/26 healthy controls at a 1:20 dilution. The presence of AKA was correlated as well as with the severity of the disease. Our study revealed that AKA was present overall in 18/29 patients (62%) with severe JIA and in 12/26 patients (46,2 %) with non-severe disease, however this did not reach statistical significance (P = 0,18). We also observed that AKA remained positive regardless of disease activity. AKA were detectable in 55,6 % patients with active JIA and in 48,6 % patients in the complete or near remission. Objectives: To evaluate a predictive value of autoantibody examinations in development of erosive disease in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients and methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with disease duration less than 2 years after the onset of symptoms were investigated. Only patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for RA either at the beginning of the disease or during the follow-up period were included. The antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) (Immunoscan RA, Euro-diagnostica, The Netherlands), IgM, IgA and IgG rheumatoid factors (RF) were measured by ELISA, antikeratin antibodies (AKA) and antiperinuclear factor (APF) were detected by indirect immunofluorescence, and the presence of HLA shared epitope (HLA SE) was detected by PCR with sequence specific primers. Patients were divided into two groups, either with erosive or non-erosive changes present on the hand or/and feet radiographs at the end of 24 months follow-up. Results: Seventy-six (66.7%) patients developed bony erosion, whereas 38 (33.3%) remained without destructive changes. The initial anti-CCP, AKA, APF, IgM RF, IgA RF, IgG RF and HLA SE were positive in 50 %, 46 %, 42%, 54%, 47%, 43% and 67 % in erosive group, and in 19%, 14%, 22%, 30%, 27%, 24% and 65% in non-erosive group, respectively. The significant differences between erosive and non-erosive groups were detected for anti-CCP, AKA, IgM RF and IgA RF. The levels of anti-CCP were significantly higher in erosive early RA group (159.1±224.0 units) vs. non-erosive one (85.