Flame Synthesis of Complex Fluoride-Based Nanoparticles as Upconversion Phosphors

Alexander Stepuk, Karl W. Krämer, Wendelin J. Stark
2013 Kona : Powder and Particle  
Recent improvements in precursor chemistry, reactor geometry and run conditions extend the manufacturing capability of traditional flame aerosol synthesis of oxide nanoparticles to metals, alloys and inorganic complex salts. As an example of a demanding composition, we demonstrate here the one-step flame synthesis of nanoparticles of a 4-element non-oxide phosphor for upconversion applications. The phosphors are characterized in terms of emission capability, phase purity and thermal phase
more » ... thermal phase evolution. The preparation of flame-made -NaYF 4 with dopants of Yb, Tm or Yb, Er furthermore illustrates the now available nanoparticle synthesis tool boxes based on modified flamespray synthesis from our laboratories at ETH Zurich. Since scaling concepts for flame synthesis, including large-scale filtration and powder handling, have become available commercially, the development of industrial applications of complex nanoparticles of metals, alloys or most other thermally stable, inorganic compounds can now be considered a feasible alternative to traditional top-down manufacturing or liquid-intense wet chemistry.
doi:10.14356/kona.2013025 fatcat:rtzcaafchzfjlb6que2emvqhtu