Estimation of Transport Trajectory and Residence Time in Large River–Lake Systems: Application to Poyang Lake (China) Using a Combined Model Approach

Yunliang Li, Jing Yao
2015 Water  
The biochemical processes and associated water quality in many lakes mainly depend on their transport behaviors. Most existing methodologies for investigating transport behaviors are based on physically based numerical models. The pollutant transport trajectory and residence time of Poyang Lake are thought to have important implications for the steadily deteriorating water quality and the associated rapid environmental changes during the flood period. This study used a hydrodynamic model (MIKE
more » ... ynamic model (MIKE 21) in conjunction with transport and particle-tracking sub-models to provide comprehensive investigation of transport behaviors in Poyang Lake. Model simulations reveal that the lake's prevailing water flow patterns cause a unique transport trajectory that primarily develops from the catchment river mouths to the downstream area along the lake's main flow channels, similar to a river-transport behavior. Particle tracking results show that the mean residence time of the lake is 89 days during July-September. The effect of the Yangtze River (the effluent of the lake) on the residence time is stronger than that of the catchment river inflows. The current study represents a first attempt to use a combined model approach to provide insights into the transport behaviors for a large river-lake system, given proposals to manage the pollutant inputs both directly to the lake and catchment rivers. OPEN ACCESS Water 2015, 7 5204
doi:10.3390/w7105203 fatcat:76drdr5f3vhcxepvfsirrayl7y