Impact of government intervention in the housing market: evidence from the housing purchase restriction policy in China

Yi Wu, Yunong Li
2017 Applied Economics  
In 2010, a housing purchase restriction policy was announced by China's central government and implemented gradually by several prefecture governments. In this paper, we empirically investigate this policy's effect on the housing market. Using a difference-in-difference (DID) framework, we show that the housing purchase restriction policy reduces housing prices and transaction amounts but does not influence the housing investment or construction markets. Moreover, upstream industry suffers more
more » ... dustry suffers more than downstream industry. The results are robust to a battery of robustness checks. Heterogeneity exists across cities. We find that first-and second-tier cities as well as highly urbanized cities experience great declines in housing prices after the policy's implementation, especially cites that had high housing prices in 2010 and cities with high real estate investment as a proportion of fixed asset investment. However, the housing policy is less effective in curbing speculative demand.
doi:10.1080/00036846.2017.1340569 fatcat:pucq2mjomvhc7lespoc3rfaqci