Thermal Simulation for Unconditioned Single Zoon with Modified Roof

Mohammed Ali Nasser Ali, Abdul Hadi Nema Khalif, Doaa Alaa Lafta
2019 Engineering Journal  
Roof in the Iraqi houses normally flattening by a concrete panel. This concrete panel has poor thermal properties. The usage of materials with low thermal conductivity and high specific heat gives a good improvements to the thermal properties of the concrete panel, thus, the indoor room temperature improves. A Mathcad program based on a mathematical model employing complex Fourier series built for a single room building. The model input data are the ambient temperature, solar radiation, and
more » ... radiation, and sol-air temperature, which have been treated as a periodic function of time. While, the room construction is constant due to their materials made of it, except the roof properties are taken as a variable generated practically from the improved mixing ratios.The result showed that using concrete panel with components (cement, sand, coarse aggregate, wood ash and Alabaster aggregates) with a ratio (1:1:2:1:1) and 3-plastic layer denoted by roof No.4, gives the best improvement of the thermal performance for the building. Where, the thermal conductivity is reduced by 42% and the specific heat increased by 41.2% compared to the traditional concrete panel mixing ratio denoted by roof No.1. Also, the mechanical properties are agreed with the Iraqi standards No. 1107 on 2002.
doi:10.31026/j.eng.2019.02.02 fatcat:nmch33dfxnfv7mol7dpk3j6nxe