ON AN INFORMATION APPROACH TO SOIL CLASSIFICATION

V. A. Rozhkov
2012 Dokuchaev Soil Bulletin  
Under discussion are concepts of a new universal scientific discipline - informaciology, its principles, methods and approaches to elaborating the soil classifications. A formalized definition of the classification concept is given as a knowledge-based one in information systems. From viewpoint of classiology the concept of classification is of two kinds by nature being subdivided into taxonomy and meronomy. Taxonomy assumes the relationship between any classification object and a lot formed by
more » ... and a lot formed by it, whereas meronomy - the relationship of the total object to its parts. Accordingly relationships of equivalence in taxonomy and tolerance in meronomy are used. A structural-functional scheme of the system is presented to realize an information approach to soil classification.
doi:10.19047/0136-1694-2012-69-4-24 fatcat:3gf42dwjarbu3ckvxklbrvwlcu