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This work investigated the microstructural effect on stretch flangeability of ferrite–martensite dual-phase (DP) steels. Three types of DP steels with various martensitic structures were prepared for the research: fibrous martensite in water-quenched (WQ) sample, chained martensite in air-quenched (AQ) sample, and coarse martensite in step-quenched (SQ) sample. The WQ specimen exhibited the highest mechanical strength and hole expansion ratio compared to the AQ and SQ samples despite theirdoi:10.3390/cryst10111022 fatcat:7caeqmjionagrpzqbx6by2nzsa