Increased expression of UBE2T predicting poor survival of ovarian cancer: based on bioinformatics analysis of UBE2s, clinical samples and the GEO database
Background:Ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes E2 (UBE2) have been reported in the microenvironment of various malignant tumors, but their correlation with ovarian cancer remains elusive. Methods: The Oncomine, GEPIA, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, cBioPortal, and STRING databases were used to systematically analyze the expression pattern, prognostic value, genetic variation, and biological function of 12 members of the UBE2 gene family in ovarian cancer. UBE2T exhibited a strong correlation with ovarian
... n with ovarian cancer and was thus further examined. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), as well as analyses of function and pathway enrichment, somatic mutations, copy number variation, and methylation were performed, and the correlation with immune cell infiltration was examined to explore the mechanism underlying aberrant UBE2T expression. Finally, the expression and prognostic value of UBE2T in ovarian cancer were verified by immunohistochemical evaluation of 131 clinical ovarian samples and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (GSE51088, GSE73614, and GSE63885 datasets) analysis.Results: The mRNA levels of UBE2C, UBE2N, UBE2S, and UBE2T were significantly upregulated in ovarian cancer compared with those in normal ovarian tissue. In patients with ovarian serous carcinoma, UBE2A, UBE2B, UBE2C, UBE2G, UBE2R2 and UBE2T upregulation were associated with poor overall survival. Moreover, UBE2A, UBE2N, UBE2R2 and UBE2T upregulation and UBE2G downregulation were associated with poor progression-free survival. Immunohistochemistry revealed that UBE2T was significantly upregulated in ovarian malignant tumors compared with that in borderline tumors, benign tumors, and normal ovarian tissues, and its high expression was associated with poor prognosis. The Cox model showed that UBE2T upregulation was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of ovarian cancer (hazard ratio: 4.095, P=0.029). The above results were verified in the GEO database. In addition, UBE2T was associated with specific immune cells and mainly involved in cell cycle-related events. Genomic analysis showed that TP53 and TTN mutations were associated with UBE2T expression. Gene copy number amplification and hypomethylation may be responsible for UBE2T upregulation in ovarian cancer. Conclusions: UBE2 family members may play a role in the development of ovarian cancer. Specifically, UBE2T could serve as a new prognostic marker and therapeutic target for this disease.