DORMANCY BREAKING, GERMINATION, AND PRODUCTION OF MIMOSA BIMUCRONATA (DC.) KUNTZE SEEDLINGS

Claudia Giasson, Carolina Riviera Duarte Maluche Baretta, Lúcia Salengue Sobral, Ronei Baldissera
2019 Cerne  
HIGHLIGHTS Higher germination of seeds was obtained with water treatments. This finding is not supported by present Brazilian Rules for Seed Analysis. Germination must preferably be conducted in germitest paper at 25 °C. Emergent seeds must preferably be sown in bigger containers under shaded conditions. Germination and seedling attributes indicate the species can be used as an intermediate successional plant. ABSTRACT Mimosa bimucronata is a pioneer, easily adapted, fast-growing species used
more » ... wing species used in restoration programs. The objectives of this study were to experimentally compare (1) methods for dormancy breaking; (2) suitable temperature and substrate for germination; and (3) suitable light intensity and substrate volume for seedling production of M. bimucronata. In the first two experiments, the variables percentage of germination, speed of germination and germination mean time were analyzed. In dormancy test, seeds were submitted to ten methods divided into three groups: hot water, sulfuric acid, and control. In the second experiment, effects of five different temperatures and four substrates were evaluated. In the third experiment, morphometric and biomass variables of seedlings were evaluated in two substrate volumes and two light intensities. The most effective method for breaking dormancy was hot water at 80 °C for one minute with post-treatment immersion in water at room temperature for 24 hours. This finding contrasted with the recommended method for dormancy breaking in the Brazilian Rules for Seed Analysis. The most suitable substrates and temperatures for germination were germitest paper at alternating temperatures of 25-35 °C and sand at constant temperature of 30 °C. The most adequate volume of substrate for seedling production was 280 cm 3 in both shaded and full sunlight conditions.
doi:10.1590/01047760201925012612 fatcat:lkjljqssuzbnnp62qo5shhnbbm