Identification of Tumor Suppressor Genes in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Hamidah Akmal Hisham, Shuhaila Mat-Sharani, Pua Kin Choo, Tan Tee Yong, Yap Yoke Yeow, Lum Chee Lun, Gopala Krishnan Govindasamy, Maria Li Lung, Tan Lu Ping, Alan Khoo Soo Beng
2020 Zenodo  
introduction Targeted capture of genomic regions of interest for massively parallel sequencing allows simultaneous screening of mutations in hundreds of loci in genetically heterogeneous human diseases. It has become a widely used method in genetic testing because it leads to increased cost-effectiveness, shorter turn-around-time, higher accuracy and accessibility . Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) is uncommon in many parts of the world with the age-standardize rates of about 2.2 per 100,0003 but
more » ... .2 per 100,0003 but is one of the most prevalent cancers in Southeast Asia especially among the Bidayuhs and Kadazans, with its aetiology understudied . Familial clustering shows that individuals with first degree family history of NPC have elevated risk of NPC with odd ratios ranged from 2 to 20 as compared to those with no family history of NPC . As genetic factors such as tumor suppressor genes that confers susceptibility to NPC remain unclear and understudied in different ethnic groups in Malaysia, we conduct Whole Exome Sequencing and Targeted Sequencing in 24 NPC cases with family history of NPC to evaluate the feasibility of targeted sequencing as well as to identify genetic factors that may lead to development of NPC. Methodology [Refer to Poster]. Results [Refer to Poster]. Discussion and Conclusion Genetic susceptibility to cancer is usually caused by dominantly inherited heterozygous mutations of tumour suppressor genes. However, tumour suppressor genes which confer such increased risk of NPC are understudied among various high risk groups in Malaysia. Comprehensive analysis were performed to identify potential susceptibility genes and in-depth characterization and validation of the target genes should be done to evaluate the association of such genes in pathogenesis of NPC. In our study, the targeted sequencing data demonstrates very high correlation with the WES data and our results show that both platforms are useful for the identification of potential tumour su [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4003770 fatcat:6biomdpk3jf2la35huwdsvhppa