Advanced Bayesian networks for reliability and risk analysis in geotechnical engineering [article]

Longxue He, Michael Beer, University, My, University, My
2020
The stability and deformation problems of soil have been a research topic of great concern since the past decades. The potential catastrophic events are induced by various complex factors, such as uncertain geotechnical conditions, external environment, and anthropogenic influence, etc. To prevent the occurrence of disasters in geotechnical engineering, the main purpose of this study is to enhance the Bayesian networks (BNs) model for quantifying the uncertainty and predicting the risk level in
more » ... g the risk level in solving the geotechnical problems. The advanced BNs model is effective for analyzing the geotechnical problems in the poor data environment. The advanced BNs approach proposed in this study is applied to solve the stability of soil slopes problem associated with the specific-site data. When probabilistic models for soil properties are adopted, enhanced BNs approach was adopted to cope with continuous input parameters. On the other hand, Credal networks (CNs), developed on the basis of BNs, are specially used for incomplete input information. In addition, the probabilities of slope failure are also investigated for different evidences. A discretization approach for the enhanced BNs is applied in the case of evidence entering into the continuous nodes. Two examples implemented are to demonstrate the feasibility and predictive effectiveness of the BNs model. The results indicate the enhanced BNs show a precisely low risk for the slope studied. Unlike the BNs, the results of CNs are presented with bounds. The comparison of three different input information reveals the more imprecision in input, the more uncertainty in output. Both of them can provide the useful disaster-induced information for decision-makers. According to the information updating in the models, the position of the water table shows a significant role in the slope failure, which is controlled by the drainage states. Also, it discusses how the different types of BNs contribute to assessing the reliability and risk of real slopes, and how new information could b [...]
doi:10.15488/9426 fatcat:t73zuv2jyzavfn2pfbdhkdn3ry