Comparison of the aerosol optical properties and size distribution retrieved by Sun photometer with in-situ measurements at mid-latitude
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
Aerosols influence the Earth radiative budget through scattering and absorption of solar radiation. Several methods are used to investigate aerosol properties and thus quantify their direct and indirect impacts on climate. At the Puy de Dôme station, continuous high altitude near surface in-situ measurements and low altitude ground-based remote sensing atmospheric column measurements give the opportunity to compare the aerosol extinction measured with both methods over a one year period. To our
... year period. To our knowledge, it is the first time that such a comparison is realized with continuous measurements of a high altitude site during a long term period. This comparison addresses to which extend near surface in-situ measurements are representative of the whole atmospheric column, the aerosol Mixing Layer (ML), or the Free Troposphere (FT). In particular, the impact of multi aerosol layers events detected using LIDAR backscatter profiles is analysed. A good correlation between in-situ aerosol extinction coefficient and Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) measured by the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) Sun photometer is observed with a correlation coefficient around 0.80, indicating that the in-situ measurements station is representative of the overall atmospheric column. After filtering for multilayer cases and correcting for each layer optical contribution (ML and FT), the atmospheric structure seems to be the main factor influencing the comparison between the two measurement techniques. When the site lies in the ML, the in-situ extinction represents 45 % of the Sun photometer ML extinction while when the site lies within the FT, the in-situ extinction is more than two times higher than the FT Sun photometer extinction. Remote sensing retrievals of the aerosol particle size distributions (PSD) from the Sun photometer observations are then compared to the near surface in-situ measurements, at dry and at ambient relative humidities. When in-situ measurements are considered at dry state, the in-situ fine mode diameters are 44 % higher than the Sun photometer-retrieved diameters and in-situ volume concentrations are 20 % lower than of the Sun photometer-retrieved fine mode concentration. Using a parametrised hygroscopic growth factor applied to aerosol diameters, the difference between in-situ and retrieved diameters grows larger. Coarse mode in-situ diameter and concentrations show a good correlation with retrieved particle size distributions from remote sensing.