Prevalence of the most common pathogenic variants in three genes for inborn errors of metabolism associated with sudden unexpected death in infancy: a population-based study in south Brazil
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Citrullinemia type 1 (CTLNI), long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHADD), and mut0 methylmalonic acidemia (mut0 MMA) are inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) associated with sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI). Its most common pathogenic variants are: c.1168G>A (CTLNI, ASS1 gene), c.1528G>C (LCHADD, HADHA gene), c.655A>T and c.1106G>A (mut0 MMA, MUT gene). Considering the absence of estimates regarding the incidence of these diseases in Brazil, this study sought to
... udy sought to investigate the prevalence of its main pathogenic variants in a healthy population in the southern region of the country. A total of 1,000 healthy subjects from Rio Grande do Sul were included. Genotyping was performed by real-time PCR. Individuals found to be heterozygous for c.1528G>C underwent further acylcarnitine profile analysis by tandem mass spectrophotometry. Allele and genotype frequencies were calculated considering Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The c.1528G>C variant was detected in heterozygosity in two subjects (carrier frequency = 1:500; allele frequency = 0.001; minimum prevalence of LCHADD = 1: 1,000,000), whose acylcarnitine profiles were normal. Variants c.1168G>A, c.655A>T, and c.1106G>A were not identified. These results denote the rarity of these IEMs in Southern Brazil, highlighting the need to expand the investigation of IEMs in relation to infant morbidity and mortality within the country.