Socio Economic Aspects of the Fishers Engaged in Hilsa Fisheries in Hooghly Estuary of West Bengal, India
International Journal of Innovative Studies in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries
The present study was conducted to know activities and causes of illegal Jatka fishing of Meghna River in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess catch per unit effort (CPUE) and abundance of Jatka in three spots of Meghna River and the livelihood of fishermen in the study areas. Data were collected randomly interviewing, arranging focus group discussion (FGD) and participatory rural appraisal (PRA) among fishermen and market chain members. The CPUE of Jatka was 63-84kg/1000m during peak season
... g peak season (Nov-Jan) and 30-37kg/1000m net/hour during lean season (Feb-Mar) respectively in three spots (Sadar of Noakhali, Ramgati of Lakshmipur, Chairmanghat of Noakhali). The highest CPUE of Jatka was 6.05kg/100m net/ hour at Ramgati and the lowest was 4.8kg/100m net/ hour at Chandpur and moderate was 5.15 kg/100m net/hour at Chairmanghat. The CPUE of Jatka was 100kg/boat/day at Chandpur and fishing season is December to March. The CPUE of Jatka is 110kg/boat/day at Ramgati and fishing season is November to March. The CPUE of Jatka was 106kg/boat/day at Chairmanghat and fishing season is September to January. 35%, 33% and 32% kg of Jatka was caught/boat/day at Ramgati, Chairmanghat and Chandpur respectively. The highest abundance of Jatka was 363/5.40×10 m at Ramgati and the lowest is 288/5.40×10 m at Chandpur. The moderate abundance of Jatka 7 2 7 2 was 309/5.40×10 m in Chairmanghat. Relatively young men of 31-45 years age group dominated in all study 7 2 locations. In the study 90% of fishermen were Muslim and majority belonged to nuclear family with members ranging from 5 to 6, above the national average. As for standard of living, nearly half (47-55%) of fisher's family do not uses sanitary latrine. In study 100% have access to tube-well water. About 59% of fishers' family had corrugated tin-shed house in all study areas. It was found that in average 55% are workers in fishing boats on profit sharing basis and the rest are single or group owner of either boat and/or net. Monthly income of the fishers in study area reportedly very low in average BDT 4,500 during season and only BDT 2000 during offseason. One third of fishers' were found to be literate who can read and write one was reportedly know how to sign his name and the rest was reportedly illiterate. In terms of general health care, roughly one third get access to medical public or other form of Medicare. In average 45% reportedly get some form of subsidy (VGF card) from Government during banning period but it is not sufficient to maintain their livelihood.