Trephining in the Ancient and Modern Aspect

1894 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
It is, however, stiff enough to enable it to pass readily the isthmus of the pharynx, even in patients who have never submitted to the opera¬ tion before. It is longer than other tubes, and this increases the aspiratory power of the siphon. A small glass tube is inserted in its course, which enables us to see whether the fluids to be passed into or with¬ drawn from the stomach flow readily. This is especially useful when gavage is practiced. Finally, the gastric extremity of Fremont's tube is
more » ... Fremont's tube is provided with a wide opening, so that it is less easily pinched by the walls of the stomach than are the other tubes ; and it is more apt to remain patulous during the giving of a test meal.
doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02420860027014 fatcat:ejhlb6gjgfh6hplq5ckawjrw2u