Comparison of Social Interaction between Cochlear-Implanted Children with Normal Intelligence Undergoing Auditory Verbal Therapy and Normal-Hearing Children: A Pilot Study
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
The Journal of International Advanced Otology
Original Article Sensori Neural hearing loss (SNHL) is considered as a severe disorder. It is estimated that three out of every 1000 Iranian infants are annually born with profound hearing loss; however, no accurate statistics are available in this regard. Research in some Western countries shows that about 0.1% of live births experience profound hearing loss  . In Iran, cochlear implant surgery has been performed since about 25 years. In one of the cochlear implantation centers in southern
... ran, nearly 150 surgeries are performed annually, and to date, 1500 patients have undergone cochlear implantation. Children with profound SNHL usually encounter language delays, which has a negative effect on their communication and social interaction. Before the invention of cochlear implant, hearing aids were the only source for receiving sounds in hearing-impaired Comparison of Social Interaction between Cochlear-Implanted Children with Normal Intelligence Undergoing Auditory Verbal Therapy and Normal-Hearing Children: A Pilot Study OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children. MATERIALS and METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study compared the social interaction level of 30 children with normal hearing and 30 with cochlear implants who were conveniently selected. The Raven test was administered to the both groups to ensure normal intelligence quotient. The social interaction status of both groups was evaluated using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, and statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. RESULTS: After controlling age as a covariate variable, no significant difference was observed between the social interaction scores of both the groups (p>0.05). In addition, social interaction had no correlation with sex in either group. CONCLUSION: Cochlear implantation followed by auditory verbal rehabilitation helps children with sensorineural hearing loss to have normal social interactions, regardless of their sex.