Leptin Rapidly Induces the Expression of Metabolic and Myokine Genes in C2C12 Muscle Cells to Regulate Nutrient Partition and Oxidation
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only. Abstract Background: Skeletal muscle can experience pronounced metabolic adaptations in response to extrinsic stimuli, and expresses leptin receptor (OB-Rb). We aimed to further the understanding of leptin effects on
... tin effects on muscle cells, by studying the expression of key energy metabolism genes in C2C12 myotubes. Methods: We performed a dose-time-dependent study with physiological concentrations of leptin: 5, 10 and 50ng/ml, for 0, 30', 3h, 6h, 12h and 24h, also monitoring time-course changes in non-treated cells. mRNA levels were analyzed by RT-qPCR and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC1α) protein levels by western blot. Results: The most significant effects were observed with 50ng/ml leptin. In the short-term (30' and/or 3h), leptin significantly induced the expression of PGC1α, muscle carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 (mCPT1), uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3), OB-Rb, Insulin receptor (InsR) and interleukins 6 and 15 (IL6, IL15). There was a decrease in mRNA levels of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) and mCPT1 in the long-term (24h). PGC1α protein levels were increased (24h). Conclusion: Leptin rapidly induces the expression of genes important for its own response and the control of metabolic fuels, with the rapid responses of the genes encoding the master regulator PGC1α, mCPT1, UCP3, PDK4 and the signaling secretory molecule IL6 particularly interesting.