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With an estimated figure of 10 billion people by 2050, from which about 70% are or will be living in the cities, it is obvious that the current infrastructure will be overloaded. As cities grow and expand their services, governance and management are becoming more and more complex. As a consequence, cities need to be adapted to address the social, economic, engineering, governmental and environmental challenges of these transformations. The cities need to become smart to properly face thedoaj:ed6b2eb0c40544f985bdeead93735da3 fatcat:sfjeoho3bfgkvohxqg4aps4uam