Clinical significance of microRNA-34a in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Genetics and Molecular Research
has been found to be downregulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues compared with that in normal tissues (P < 0.05), and miR-34a overexpression increased apoptosis and decreased clonogenic formation. However, the clinical significance and prognostic value of miR-34a in ESCC has not yet been investigated. In total, 111 patients with ESCC diagnosed and treated at were included in this retrospective study. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect expression levels of
... pression levels of miR-34a. The associations between miR-34a expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed using χ 2 tests. For analysis of survival data, Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed, and the log-rank test was performed. The expression levels of miR-34a in ESCC tissues were significantly decreased (P < 0.01), compared with those in adjacent normal esophageal tissues. Low miR-34a expression in ESCC tissues was significantly associated with tumor differentiation (P = 0.013), lymph node status (P = 0.038), and advanced clinical stage (P < 0.001). The Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test revealed that low miR-34a levels had a MicroRNA-34a in esophageal cancer ©FUNPEC-RP www.funpecrp.com.br Genetics and Molecular Research 14 (4): 17684-17691 (2015) significant impact on overall survival of patients with ESCC (P = 0.006). Multivariate analyses showed that the expression of miR-34a was an independent prognostic factor for ESCC (P = 0.018). Our findings indicate that there is reduced expression of miR-34a in human ESCC tissues and suggest a crucial role for miR-34a downregulation in ESCC progression and prognosis.