A Ferroptosis-associated Gene Signature for the Prediction of Prognosis and Therapeutic Response in Luminal-type Breast Carcinoma
Background: Ferroptosis is a new form of regulated cell death (RCD), and its emergence has provided a new approach to the progression and drug resistance of breast cancer (BRCA). However, there is still a great gap in the study of ferroptosis-related genes in BRCA, especially luminal-type BRCA patients.Methods: We downloaded the mRNA expression profiles and corresponding clinical data of BRCA patients from the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC) and The
... BRIC) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. Then, we built a prognostic multigene signature with ferroptosis-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the METABRIC cohort and validated it in the TCGA cohort. The predictive value of this signature was investigated in terms of mutations, copy number variations (CNVs), the immune microenvironment, tumor purity, related pathway and the probability of a response to immunotherapy and chemotherapy.Findings: The patients were divided into a high-risk group and a low-risk group by the ferroptosis-associated gene signature, and the high-risk group had a worse overall survival (OS). The risk score based on the 10 ferroptosis-related gene-based signature was determined to be an independent prognostic predictor in both the METABRIC and TCGA cohorts (HR, 1.41, 95% CI, 1.14-1.76, P = 0.002; HR, 2.19, 95% CI, 1.13-4.26, P= 0.02). Gene set enrichment analysis indicated that the term "cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction" was enriched in the high risk score subgroup. Moreover, the immune infiltration scores of most immune cells were significantly different between the two groups, and the low-risk group was much more sensitive to immunotherapy and chemotherapy. In addition, we found that amplifications on chromosome 12 accompanied by the deletion of chromosome 21 were enriched in the high-risk subgroup. Pathway score results suggest that the ferroptosis-related gene-based signature show differences in most breast cancer-associated phenotypes. Finally, a nomogram incorporating a classifier based on the 10 ferroptosis-related genes, tumor stage, age and histologic grade was established. This nomogram showed a favorable discriminating ability and might contribute to clinical decision-making for luminal-type breast carcinoma.