Ozonation as a pre-treatment of landfill leachate
Revista Ambiente & Água
Ozone is an oxidizing agent with a potential for removing complex molecules, including those of difficult microbiological decomposition, such as the molecules found in landfill leachates. This effluent presents high organic content, including recalcitrant molecules. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficiency of ozonation in the treatment of raw leachate at the Primavera landfill, located in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The experiments were carried out using the batch system. The leachate pH value
... leachate pH value was set at 7 and 10, and the contact times between the gas and the leachate were 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 minutes. Throughout the study, we analyzed color, turbidity, pH value, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm (UV abs) of the leachate, both before and after ozonation. Results show that ozonation presented high removal of color, COD and UV abs when pH was 7. In contrast, turbidity removal was higher when the pH value was 10. Regarding contact time, we observed a high removal of color (between 80% and 90%) and UV abs (between 60% and 70%) at 40 minutes, depending on the pH value. Removal was also high for turbidity (approximately 75%) starting at 20 minutes with the pH value at 10, and at 70 minutes with pH at 7. The removal relation within all analyzed parameters (due to ozone consumption) decreased throughout the reaction time. Thus, we concluded that ozonation as a pre-treatment of leachate is indeed satisfactory because of its great capacity for organic material removal.