Role of high-resolution ultrasound in detection and monitoring of peripheral nerve tumor burden in neurofibromatosis in children

Natalie Winter, Maike F. Dohrn, Julia Wittlinger, Alexander Loizides, Hannes Gruber, Alexander Grimm
2020 Child's Nervous System  
Peripheral nerve sheath tumors are hallmark findings in neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2. With increasing size, they typically lead to neurological symptoms, and NF1 patients have a lifetime risk of 8-13% for developing malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Medical imaging is therefore highly needed for early detection and exact localization of symptomatic or potentially malignant tumors. This review will give an overview of the ultrasound characteristics of peripheral nerve sheath tumors
more » ... findings in patients with neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2. A systematic search of electronic databases, reference lists, and unpublished literature was conducted including the keywords "schwannoma," "neurofibroma," "neurofibromatosis," "benign and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor." The high-resolution allows a clear analysis of tumor echotexture, definition of margins, and the relation to the parent nerve. The use of color duplex/Doppler and contrast agent adds valuable information for the differentiation of benign and malignant tumors. High-resolution ultrasound is a well-established, non-invasive, and easily repeatable first-line tool in diagnostic procedures of soft tissue tumors.
doi:10.1007/s00381-020-04718-z pmid:32561982 fatcat:yesymss2hbbjthqg5ukeppeefa