Assessment of Irrigation Water Performance in the Nile Delta Using Remotely Sensed Data

Ayat Elnmer, Mosaad Khadr, Ayman Allam, Shinjiro Kanae, Ahmed Tawfik
2018 Water  
A comprehensive framework for irrigation water performance assessment (IWPA) based on satellite data was proposed. This framework consists of external IWPA (EIWPA) and internal IWPA (IIWPA). The EIWPA indicates the water supply as well as agricultural and economic performances. On the other hand, the IIWPA expresses the temporal and spatial performances of irrigation water use adequacy (PA), equity (PE), and dependability (PD) indicators. This framework was applied to the irrigation scheme of
more » ... igation scheme of the Al-Qased canal in the Nile Delta, Egypt, during the winter between 2015 and 2016. The crop water requirements (ETc) were calculated using the Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) model and Landsat 8 images. Three classes, from "good" to "poor," to classify the EIWPA and IIWPA values were proposed. The EIWPA was classified as "poor" in irrigation efficiency (51.2%) due to the oversupply of irrigation water in relation to the ETc while the economic indicators showed that the net profit was 7.84% of the gross value of crop production. The PE, PD, and PA were classified as "fair," which indicated a non-uniform irrigation water distribution between the head and tail branch canals. Moreover, the irrigation water was inadequate during the growing months and could not meet the ETc. The framework presented an efficient tool for the IWPA in terms of spatial, temporal, agricultural, and economic performances.
doi:10.3390/w10101375 fatcat:oxbibaykvjfhxjf4lxkfcckqmi