LGG-19. SPINAL LOW-GRADE GLIOMAS IN CANADIAN CHILDREN: A MULTI-CENTRE RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW
PURPOSE Primary spinal low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are rare, can be difficult to treat, and can result in significant morbidity. The management of pediatric spinal LGGs remains controversial. METHODS A national multi-centre retrospective review of spinal LGGs diagnosed in children less than 18 years of age between 1990–2015 was undertaken to examine the clinical features, pathological subtypes, and treatment outcomes. RESULTS Forty-three patients from five institutions were included. The median
... uded. The median age of diagnosis was 5.2 years. All patients were symptomatic at diagnosis. Forty-four percent of patients were diagnosed at least 6 months after symptoms developed. Two patients had metastatic disease at diagnosis. The most common histology was pilocytic astrocytoma (48.8%). Molecular information was available for 15/43 patients: 6 patients had BRAF fusions and 4 patients had BRAF V600E mutations. Gross-total resection was achievable in only 6 patients. Twenty-seven patients were treated with surgery-only and the others received chemotherapy and/or focal radiation. Eleven patients were irradiated. No patients were registered in clinical trials for first-line therapy. Twenty-three patients experienced relapse or progression. Patients were followed for a median of 8.3 years (range, 0.5–20.4 years). Five-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 48.3% (95% CI, 32.3% to 62.5%) and 89.7% (95% CI, 74.6% to 96.1%) respectively. CONCLUSION There is significant heterogeneity in surgical outcomes and treatment modalities of pediatric spinal LGGs. The PFS and OS rates remain suboptimal, likely due to tumor location. The low clinical trial enrollment rate highlights the paucity of available trials for spinal LGGs.