Amperometric Biosensor Based on Coimmobilization of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Horseradish Peroxidase-Gold Nanocluster Bioconjugates for Detecting H2O2

Qiong-Qiong Ren, Fen Yang, Wu Ren, Chang Wang, Wen-Shuai Jiang, Zong-Ya Zhao, Jun Chen, Xuan-Yi Lu, Yi Yu
2020 Journal of Nanomaterials  
An enzyme-based amperometric biosensor was fabricated for detecting hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was modified using functionalized fluorescent gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) via biomineralization. HRP-AuNCs were successfully immobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotube- (MWCNT-) coated carbon fiber ultramicroelectrodes (CFUMEs). The AuNCs, which act as molecular electric wires, effectively promote the electron transfer between the enzyme active center and the electrode.
more » ... he electrode. Additionally, the HRP conjugated with the AuNCs retains its biological activity, which enables the catalytic reaction of H2O2. The HRP-AuNCs/MWCNTs/CFUMEs have been proven as excellent amperometric sensors for H2O2. The sensitivity of the H2O2 biosensor is 3.0×10−4 A/M, and the detection limit is estimated to be 443 nM. Furthermore, the biosensor exhibited long-term stability and good reproducibility. Moreover, the biosensor has been tested by determining the H2O2 concentration in calf serum samples.
doi:10.1155/2020/9627697 fatcat:a65p5wf3dzcvdn7l6vqlugnhtq