Association of C49620T ABCC8 polymorphism with anthropometric and metabolic parameters in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: a preliminary study
The aim of the study was to evaluate an association between the C49620T ABCC8 gene polymorphism and anthropometric, biochemical parameters, pancreatic β-cell function and insulin sensitivity among autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients. Forty-nine ADPKD patients (M/F: 19/30) and fifty healthy controls (M/F: 22/28) aged above 18 years, with normal kidney function and no diagnosis of diabetes, were enrolled into the study. The ABCC8 (SUR1) C49620T (IVS15-3C/T, rs1799854)
... 3C/T, rs1799854) genotypes were determined using a PCR-RFLP technique. In the ADPKD group among TT homozygous patients, total body fat content and percentage of fat in body weight were significantly lower than among C allele carriers (16.1 +/- 7.7 vs 22.9 +/- 7.1kg, p=0.04 and 22.8 +/- 6.5 vs 30.0 +/- 6.1%, p=0.001, respectively) while total body water was higher (58.4 +/- 4.3 vs 53.7 +/- 4.0kg, p=0.003). Among TT homozygous controls higher BMI values and LDL-cholesterol levels were observed if compared to C variant carriers (26.3 +/- 3.9 vs 23.8 +/3.4kg/m2 p=0.04 and 133.1 +/- 27.0 vs 114.3 +/- 35.2mg/dL, p=0.05, respectively), as well as higher area under curve of glucose concentrations (115.9 +/- 23.9 vs 102.7 +/- 25.2 mmol*h/L, p=0.046) during an oral glucose tolerance test. In the ADPKD group and among controls no association between the investigated polymorphism and secretory function of the pancreatic β-cells or insulin sensitivity was found. The C49620T ABCC8 polymorphism is associated with anthropometric risk factors for type 2 diabetes among ADPKD patients, with a protective effect of the TT genotype, but without influence on pancreatic β-cell secretory function or insulin sensitivity.