Prevalence of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux in regurgitant infants

Aldo J. F. Costa, Giselia A. P. Silva, Pedro A. C. Gouveia, Ernani M. Pereira Filho
2004 Jornal de Pediatria  
Objective: To determine the prevalence of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux in a group of regurgitant infants attended at Helena Moura Hospital, Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The clinical criteria employed were based on Rome II criteria. Method: The study design was transversal. The patients were all children of less than 1 year of age with a history of episodes of regurgitation for at least 3 weeks. The study group was comprised of 798 children who attended the program between January
more » ... am between January and August of 2002. The diagnostic criteria were based on Rome II criteria. Results: The prevalence of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux was 11.15% (89/798) (95% CI 9.10-13.48). It was higher during the first two trimesters of life, 14.62% (31/212) (95% CI 10.33-19.86) in the first trimester, and 13.76% (38/276) (95% CI 10.07-18.21) in the second trimester. Conclusion: The prevalence of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux within the group of children examined concurred with previously published studies, with predominance, therefore, of regurgitant infants.
doi:10.2223/jped.1202 pmid:15309230 fatcat:izd7rxclbvcddbgdlicxksqara