Topography and morphometry of intestinal mast cells in children with Hirschsprung's disease

Adam Hermanowicz, Wojciech Debek, Ewa Dzienis-Koronkiewicz, Lech Chyczewski
2008 Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica  
Mast cells (MC) are source of many biological active compounds like cytokines, arachidonic acid derivates, proteoglicanes, prostaglandins, proteases, free oxygen radials, NGF, PAF and many more. The role of MC in pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is not clear. Substances produced by MC may exert an important effect on embryology, growth, differentiation and regeneration of intestinal nervous system. Additionally, MC products modulate inflammation processes thus influencing on the
more » ... uencing on the clinical course of HD. Present study was established to evaluate the morphologic MC examination as a support of making diagnosis in HD. The MC topography and morphometry were evaluated in specimens collected from aganglionic colon of patients with diagnosed HD. The results were compared with corresponding data from normally innervated colon of patients suffering from constipation, and normal colon of children not presenting defecation problems. MC were visualized using indirect immunohistochemical method LSAB with mouse antibody against human tryptase. The MC visualized in submucosa and muscular layer in Hirschsprung's disease were significantly larger in comparison with control group (p<0.05). Also the number of MC/mm 2 in mucosa and lamina propria in HD was significantly elevated (p<0.05). However, the MC density in submucosa was also higher but it was not high statistically significant. In muscular layer and in serosa density of MC/mm 2 was not statistically significant. In the intestinal wall MC in aganglionic segment in Hirschsprung's disease are significantly activated comparing with normally innervated colon segments taken from the patients from other groups. This may confirm the role of MC both in pathogenesis of HD and in the reparation processes of bowel nervous system.
doi:10.2478/v10042-008-0008-5 pmid:18296265 fatcat:7yfjrfyeo5burgddxibonrpnne