Identification and Statistical Analysis of Impulse-Like Patterns of Carbon Monoxide Variation in Deep Underground Mines Associated with the Blasting Procedure

Justyna Hebda-Sobkowicz, Sebastian Gola, Radosław Zimroz, Agnieszka Wyłomańska
2019 Sensors  
The quality of the air in underground mines is a challenging issue due to many factors, such as technological processes related to the work of miners (blasting, air conditioning, and ventilation), gas release by the rock mass and geometry of mine corridors. However, to allow miners to start their work, it is crucial to determine the quality of the air. One of the most critical parameters of the air quality is the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration. Thus, in this paper, we analyze the time
more » ... lyze the time series describing CO concentration. Firstly, the signal segmentation is proposed, then segmented data (daily patterns) is visualized and statistically analyzed. The method for blasting moment localization, with no prior knowledge, has been presented. It has been found that daily patterns differ and CO concentration values reach a safe level at a different time after blasting. The waiting time to achieve the safe level after blasting moment (with a certain probability) has been calculated based on the historical data. The knowledge about the nature of the CO variability and sources of a high CO concentration can be helpful in creating forecasting models, as well as while planning mining activities.
doi:10.3390/s19122757 fatcat:kpw4zlc4sbhe5ibttkfdftltqa