Polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan/montmorillonite nanocomposites preparation by freeze/thaw cycles and characterization

Elena Părpăriţă, Cătălina N. Cheaburu, Silvia Florica Pațachia, Cornelia Vasile
2014 Acta Chemica Iasi  
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and chitosan (CS) based hydrogels are often chosen to obtain hydrogels as being considered non-toxic for human body. The present study aims the preparation and physical chemical characterisation of hydrogels based PVA and CS by using an environmental friendly method i.e. freeze/thaw. In this method the only parameters affecting the hydrogels' properties is the PVA concentration in solution, time and number of cycles of freezing / thawing. Repeated freezing and thawing
more » ... zing and thawing cycles resulted in production of a highly elastic polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel with higher degree of crystallization. Adding chitosan in polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel is giving to the newly formed material, biocompatibility and antibacterial properties due to the free amino groups of chitosan. Higher mechanical and thermal characteristics of PVA/CS based hydrogels were obtained by addition of a small amount of inorganic nanoparticles (montmorillonite clay, C30B) into the matrix (i.e. 1%). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), near-infrared chemical imaging spectroscopy (NI-CI), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), swelling and rheological measurements were used to characterize the polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan/montmorillonite properties. The swelling degree increased with decreasing chitosan content in hydrogels and the variation is opposite in nanocomposites, decreasing after introducing the nanoclay. The swelling behaviour was influenced by the presence of the nanoparticles. The plasticizer effect of the nanoparticles was reflected by obtaining a more compact hydrogel network with higher mechanical and thermal properties. The proposed materials can be a promising alternative in biomedical applications
doi:10.2478/achi-2014-0008 fatcat:5e3ws5ho3bbfphpa6cdkw77itq